The Inca people dominated the region for several centuries. The civilization had an important heyday in art, astronomy and medicine. Nevertheless at the beginning of XVIth century the region was conquered by the Spanish. Lima was founded in 1535 and turned into the Capital of the Virreinato of Peru. Spain dominated for three centuries and used the deposits of Plata to finance its struggle against France, England and the Netherlands. Peru initiated its struggle to achieve its Independence in the beginning of the XIXth century. The independence of Peru was declared and directed by General José de San Martín in 1821 and consolidated by Simón Bolívar in 1824. Two important battles had Peruvians, Bolivians, Argentinians and Chileans against the Spanish army, where they fought for their independence. The battles were, the Battle of Junín that took place on August 6, 1824 and the battle of Ayacucho on December 9 of the same year, where the Spanish army was defeated.
|Official name:||República del Perú|
|Population:||27,483, 864 inhabitants|
|Capital:||Lima ( Founded January 18, 1535 by Francisco Pizarro)|
|Important cities:||Lima, Arequipa, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura, Iquitos, Huancayo, Cusco, Huaraz|
|Languages:||Spanish, Quechua, Aymara and other native languages are recognized where they are spoken.|
|Latitude-longitude:||10G S, 76G W.|
|Currency:||Nuevo Sol. (S/)|
To come to Peru from abroad is through the Internacional Airport ‘Jorge Chavez’, is the only one Peruvian airport with capacity to receive international flights, which is located in Lima city.
Peru is one of the countries that have the major amount of computers with access to internet in the region, thanks to internet cabins; in the avenues and streets there are a great number of internet cabins that offer the access to internet for a cheap cost; besides most of them have telephone boxes where is possible to realize local, national and international calls also to cheap costs.
Huaraz, 3100 m. above sea level, is located in the central part of Callejón de Huaylas. It enjoys a moderate climate with average annual temperatures of 16 °C. The dry season is between May and October, the months most reccomended to visit.
Huaraz is the capital of the department of Ancash, and is located 408 km to the North of Lima. It owes its beauty largely to the surrounding snow capped mountains and plentiful vegetation forming the Cordillera Blanca. It´s highest peak, Huascarán at 6768 m, can be seen from anywhere in the city.
The earthquake of May 31, 1970 destroyed the ancient city almost entirely. Of the large adobe buildings and narrow streets, only the principàl square and a few houses of adobe with balconies remained. At present almost all the buildings have been reconstructed with bricks, reinforced concrete, and tile roofs giving the city a modern aspect. The ancient narrow streets have been replaced by the wide avenues with houses smaller than the traditional ones.
Huaraz city have two ways of transportation, the first one and the most used, isis through a paved road of 400 Km from Lima city, it takes in average 8 hours in an interprovincial bus; there are many options in schedules and prices, to see the departure and arrival times, and prices we suggest to check the websites of some companies that offer these services: Mobil Tours, Cruz del Sur.
The other way of transportation that lastly is being used is the airplane, there are daily flights from Lima to Huaraz city and vice versa, a flight normally takes 45 minutes. The airport is located 20 minutes away from Huaraz.
To carry out a trip in the Cordilleras Blanca and Huayhuash is necessary to be in good physical condition especially adapted to high altitude. Huaraz city is located at 3100 m. And the trips are carry out in places that overcome 4000 m Reaching in some places 5000 m in the trekkings; in mountaineering the activity is carried out in places that overcome 6000 ml; for that reason people who want to carry out these activities have to do a short trek around Huaraz city.
The most common problem is the altitude because the lack of oxygen especially for those people who live at sea level, this problem is known as soroche its symptoms are: headache, nauseas, lack of appetite, tiredness, etc. To counteract this sickness we recommend: drink coca leaf, don’t eat food that contain fat, don’t take alcoholic drinks, relax, to continue the symptoms we recommend to take a tablet of Drabol and to visit the nearest health centre.
The change due the schedule and the kind of food can produce stomach problems as diarrhoea, for that reason in recommendable the first days after your arriving to Peru, then one must take light food, avoid the fats until your stomach adapts
The food during the trips is prepared by people who know well about the diet of the hikers and mountaineers, therefore the food must be rich in calories and caring the hygiene. The food provides in the camping sites are prepared with fresh ingredients; fruits, vegetables and meats are transported under system of refrigeration to keep them in a good condition. If in the group there are vegetarians there is not problem because our Cooks are trained in the preparation of all kind of meals, just you have to communicate them before leaving of the expedition.
To carry out mountaineering in the Cordilleras Blanca and Huayhuash is necessary a previous acclimatization depending on the mountain to chose; to climb easy mountains such us Urus 4900 m asl, Ishinca 5530 m asl, Maparaju , Pisco , Etc. is necessary to be acclimatized to altitudes that overcome 5000 masl, to have carried out a trekking of at least three days . To mountains of medium and difficult levels those of 6000 masl is indispensable besides to be acclimatized, to have taken and ice climbing course at least. The duration of the ascensions depends on the mountain that is chosen, in some mountains of difficult level we spend at least two nights in the glacier camps.
To the Cordilleras Blanca and Huayhuash arrive mountaineers around the world with great experience and skills in climbing, but it doesn’t mean they will success in their expeditions to reach the summit of a mountain, also is indispensable to know the area in this case the actual situation of the mountain and glacier; for that reason we recommend to take the services of a Official Mountain Guide since they are the only professionals certified by the Peruvian labour laws; besides they have the accreditation of the IFMGA.
To reach a summit in a comfortable way; besides to take the services of a Mountain Guide, you can take the services of Porters, whose work is to transfer the equipment between camps I and II (glacier camps), who can carry 25 Kg each one, in this way you will do the ascend to the summit easily.